RELATED POLICING FRAMEWORKS
â€¢Â The starting point for most policing paradigms is the standard model of policing; reactive, investigative policing based around random patrol and rapid response.
a. Community policing
â€¢Â CP defies definition, and as such is probably impossible to evaluate.
â€¢Â Predominant aim is to increase police legitimacy in the eyes of the public.
â€¢Â The main outcome is a satisfied public.
b. Problemâ€oriented policing
â€¢Â POP is much closer in philosophy to intelligenceâ€led policing than CP.
â€¢Â More flexible in terms of who conducts POP, and is more outcome oriented than output oriented.
â€¢Â Does not exclude enforcement as a possible solution to a problem, but generally seeks longerâ€term problem resolution.
â€¢Â A marriage of crime mapping, managerial accountability and allied operational strategies.
â€¢Â Often has a street crime focus.
â€¢Â The managerial change component is often ignored by police departments, yet this is both vital and challenging for Compstat to succeed.
â€¢Â It is common for people to confuse the origins of intelligenceâ€led policing as coming from the preceding paradigms.
â€¢Â The process of tying intelligenceâ€led policing to earlier frameworks for policing can confuse officers who try to adapt their existing model of policing to intelligenceâ€led policing. This is often unsuccessful.
INTELLIGENCEâ€LED POLICING DEFINED
a. Original tenets
â€¢Â Original tenets from Kent Police and Sir David Phillips.
â€¢Â Target prolific offenders, triage out the unsolvable crime, more strategic use of informants, incorporate intel into decisionâ€making.
b. Revising the original model
â€¢Â A revisionist model of intelligenceâ€led policing has drawn it closer to POP, especially with some components of the NIM.
â€¢Â Intelligenceâ€led policing has become a business model, as operationalized through the NIM.
c. Intelligenceâ€led policing components
â€¢Â Intelligenceâ€led policing is a management philosophy/business modelâ€¦
â€¢Â aims to achieve crime reduction and prevention and to disrupt offender activity;
â€¢Â employs a topâ€down management approach;
â€¢Â combines crime analysis and criminal intelligence into crime intelligence;
â€¢Â uses crime intelligence to objectively direct police resource decisions;
â€¢Â focuses enforcement activities on prolific and serious offenders.
â€¢Â Definition: Intelligenceâ€led policing is a business model and managerial philosophy where data analysis and crime intelligence are pivotal to an objective, decisionâ€making framework that facilitates crime and problem reduction, disruption and prevention through both strategic management and effective enforcement strategies that target prolific and seriousoffenders.
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