Annotated Bibliographies with Reflection

Dance- 3 UCI Fall_2020_2
Modified From:
Annotated Bibliographies with Reflection
Learning Objectives:
1) Identify the components and characteristics of primary peer reviewed scientific research.
2) Analyze scholarly, scientific research articles in the field of health and wellness.
3) Write two analytical annotated bibliographies.
4) Integrate and reflect on how current topics apply to your wellness.
The Basics of Annotated Bibliographies
First, what is an annotation?
An annotation is more than just a brief summary of an article, book, Web site or other type of
publication. An annotation should give enough information to make a reader decide whether to
read the complete work. In other words, if the reader were exploring the same topic as you, is
this material useful and if so, why?
How is an annotation different from an abstract?
While an abstract also summarizes an article, book, Web site or other type of publication, it is
purely descriptive. Although annotations can be descriptive, they also include distinctive
features about an item. Annotations can be evaluative and critical as we will see when we look
at the two major types of annotations.
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources (like a reference list). It differs from a
straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation,
usually 100–200 words in length.
Depending on the assignment, an annotated bibliography might have different purposes:
• Provide a literature review on a particular subject
• Help to formulate a thesis on a subject
• Demonstrate the research you have performed on a particular subject
• Provide examples of major sources of information available on a topic
• Describe items that other researchers may find of interest on a topic
Types of annotated bibliographies
There are two major types of annotated bibliographies:
1. Descriptive or informative
2. Analytical or critical
Descriptive or informative
Dance- 3 UCI Fall_2020_2
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A descriptive or informative annotated bibliography describes or summarizes a source as does
an abstract, it describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or question,
its distinctive features. In addition, it describes the author’s main arguments and conclusions
without evaluating what the author says or concludes.
For example:
Breeding evil. (2005, August 6). Economist, 376(8438), 9. Retrieved from
This editorial from the Economist describes the controversy surrounding video games and the
effect they have on people who use them. The author points out that skepticism of new media
have gone back to the time of the ancient Greeks, so this controversy surrounding video games
is nothing new. The article also points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it
is an issue of generations not understanding one another, rather than of the games themselves.
As the youth of today grow older, the controversy will die out, according to the author. The
author of this article stresses the age factor over violence as the real reason for opposition to
video games and stresses the good gaming has done in most areas of human life. This article is
distinctive in exploring the controversy surrounding video games from a generational standpoint
and is written for a general audience.
Please pay attention to the last sentence. While it points out distinctive features about the item it
does not analyze the author’s conclusions.
Analytical or critical
An analytical or critical annotation not only summarizes the material, it analyzes what is being
said. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the
applicability of the author’s conclusions to the research being conducted.
For example:
Patrick, Y., Lee, A., Raha, O., Pillai, K., Gupta, S., Sethi, S., . . . Moss, J. (2017). Effects of
sleep deprivation on cognitive and physical performance in university students. Sleep and
Biological Rhythms, 15(3), 217-225. doi:10.1007/s41105-017-0099-5
Purpose Statement: The purpose of this study is to compare college students who got a full
nights sleep versus those who didn’t and how it affected them cognitively and physically. This
study demonstrates how pulling an “all-nighter” does not significantly impact the cognitive skills
of college students. On the other hand, there were differences in physical ability in which those
sleep deprived performed better.
Summary Statement: This research study focuses on the impacts that sleep deprivation has
on both cognitive and physical being for college students. Physical ability was measured by the
students’ reaction time while cognitive skills where measured through memory and focus-based
skills. The results indicate that there are “no signification differences… in cognitive tests”
(Patrick et al., 2017) meaning that whether participants had one night of sleep or not did not
have a significant effect on cognition. However, for the physical aspect, there was an increase in
reaction time for participants in the sleep deprived category.
Dance- 3 UCI Fall_2020_2
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Audience Statement: I think the main audience for this study is college students. A lot of
college students tend to do school work at night and lose sleep over it.
Unique Feature Statement: This study is unique because it relies on skills such as speed in
the reaction time test rather than something like the students’ GPA where multiple variables can
be a determinant of it. The approach to tracking the effects of sleep deprivation are not too
specific where the study can only apply to college students but can also be tested on other
Strengths/Weaknesses/Biases Statement: One weakness of this study is that they only did
the experiment for one day. Having only one day of sleep deprivation can be the reason why
they did not find a significant decrease in the students’ cognitive and physical abilities. For
instance, “another study found that… total sleep deprivation has a significant effect on filtering
efficiency” (Patrick et al., 2017) which could mean that if this experiment was done for longer the
results could be different. In addition, the students were each in their homes and were not
supervised by any researcher.
Reflection Statement: This article is connected to wellness because it talks about how lack of
sleep can impact your ability in school in both cognitive and physical aspects. Every college
student that I know has been sleep deprived at least once for staying up late doing work or other
causes. So, I think many other college students also have a connection with this article in that
sense. In class we talked about how the aspects of wellness are intertwined and this is an
example of that. Since this is only a one night study, it is good to know that one night will not
impact your abilities negatively but maybe having a lot of restless nights will.
Please note that in these samples, the citations follow the APA format. This class requires APA.
Instructions for this Assignment
For this assignment you will read the material provided here, watch the videos (links provided),
choose two articles from the articles provided on canvas, and write two analytical annotated
bibliographies based on the criteria below.
1. Watch these Videos:
• Non-YOUTube Version
2. Choose your sources before writing your annotated bibliography, you must choose your
sources. This involves doing research much like for any other project. Your choices for this
assignment are on canvas and you choose two of the articles to annotate.
i. You are going to write an analytical annotated bibliography.
3. Write the citation and annotation when writing your annotation, the complete citation
should always come first and the annotation follows.
You will need to include each Subheading one:
a. Purpose statement that describes the purpose of the work.
b. Summary Statement is summary of the article content.
c. Audience Statement describes the type of audience the article is
written for.
d. Unique Feature Statement elucidates any special or unique features
in the article.
Dance- 3 UCI Fall_2020_2
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e. Strengths, weaknesses or biases statement describes the strengths,
weaknesses or biases in the article.
f. Reflection statements describes reflective thoughts on how this article
and materials in class relate to various components of your wellness.
4. Please follow this proper format:
i. Citation in APA format 1st
ii. Then text as above.
5. In order to get full credit you need to you to address each item above.
6. You will be turning in a doc, docx, or PDF file type. Below are resources for you to access
the ability to generate this document type.
a. Download your FREE copy of Microsoft Office from UCI’s Office of Information and
Technology (highly recommended):
b. Use Google Docs to open the .docx file:
7. Make sure your citations are in APA format and you follow the template above. Here are
some additional links for examples as well:
8. Please seek help from your professor and learning team if you need help ahead of due date.
Dance- 3 UCI Fall_2020_2
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Annotated Bibliographies with Reflection Rubric
Attributes Proficient Developing Emerging Not acceptable
Points 5 3 1 0 Total
Criterion 1:
Purpose Clearly
Purpose of 2 out 2
ABS are clearly and
concisely stated.
Purpose of 2 out 2
ABS are stated, but 1
purpose needs clarity.
Purpose is clearly
stated for 1 out of
Purposes are not
clear at all in both
Criterion 2:
Quality & clarity
of the summary
of ideas in
Main ideas of
sources are clearly
summarized in 2 out
of 2 Annotated
Main ideas of sources
are clearly
summarized in 1(AB),
but not well in both
Main ideas are not
clearly; or are
incomplete in both
Summaries are
unclear or not
Criterion 3:
Audience properly
identified in each
Audience properly
identified in 1 of 2
Audience identified
for both
submissions, but
not correct.
No audience
identified in either
Criterion 4:
Unique Features
of Article
Unique features
properly identified in
each submission.
Unique features
properly identified in 1
of 2 submission.
Unique features
identified on both
submissions, but
not correct.
No unique features
identified in either
Criterion 5:
Identification of
Weaknesses or
weaknesses, or
biases were properly
identified in each
weaknesses, or biases
were properly
identified in 1 of 2
weaknesses, or
biases were
identified on both
submissions, but
not correct.
No strengths,
weaknesses, or
biases were
Criterion 6:
statements were
concisely relevant to
the material and
were present on
both submissions.
Reflection statements
were relevant to the
material and were
present on only one
statements were
not concisely
relevant to the
material in both
No reflection
statements were
relevant to the
Criterion 7:
APA citations are
used appropriately
throughout the entire
APA citations are not
used, but sources are
referenced in an
alternative format.
The assignment is
missing one citation
component (in-text
OR reference list).
Citations of any kind
are not used.
Criterion 8:
subheadings are
used throughout the
document, and
citations is present.
Some subheadings are
included in the
document and citations
is present.
There are a few
included and one
There are no
subheadings and no
Criterion 9:
Spelling and
The assignment is
free from spelling
and grammar errors
and complete
sentences were
The assignment has
occasional spelling
and grammar errors.
The assignment
has several spelling
and grammar
errors, but they
distract minimally
from the content.
The assignment has
numerous spelling
and grammar errors.
Total Possible

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